This curriculum is a comprehensive look at the macromolecules principles to be covered in high school.
The kits developed for these lessons include the following:
This is the first in a series of five connected lessons from MyStemKits. This initial lesson presents the concept of polymers, both biological and synthetic. The other four lessons address the four categories of biological macromolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. It is not necessary to present the series in any specific order. However, it is anticipated that this lesson proceeds any of the others.
Your students will explore the general concept of building blocks, monomers, and polymers as a way to understand the process of polymerization in this introductory lesson. Students will be able to relate the breakdown of food molecules into building blocks to be reassembled into biological macromolecules.
No 3D Kit Used
Carbohydrates are one of four categories of biological macromolecules, essential polymers assembled from their respective monomeric building blocks. In this activity, students will assemble models of carbohydrate macromolecules using simple sugars, the building blocks of carbohydrates. Students will also explore the variety of carbohydrate structures and be able to explain how the function of different molecules relates to the structure.
Lipids are one of four categories of biological macromolecules, essential polymers assembled from their respective monomeric building blocks. In this activity, students will assemble models of lipids using fatty acids, the building blocks of lipids, and understand their vital function in health and in biology.
Proteins are the workhorses of the cell because of the number of cellular processes in which they are involved. The diversity of protein structures accounts for the diversity of protein functions. In this activity, students will assemble a three-dimensional model of a protein from amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. We will explore how proper folding and misfolding can influence the function of crucial proteins.
Nucleic acid metabolism is a complex process involving de novo synthesis and recycling of nucleotides to make DNA and RNA, the two nucleic acids we are concerned with here. This lesson provides students an opportunity to understand how nucleotides are assembled from the three components—a nitrogenous base, a phosphate group, and a five-carbon sugar—and ultimately form their final nucleic acid structure.